(1860-1904) The founding father of Zionism
. A Hungarian-born Jew, Herzl outlined his ideas in the famous 1896 pamphlet "The Jewish State: An Attempt at a Modern Solution of the Jewish Question," stating that the only solution to the Jewish problem and anti-Semitism in Europe would be the establishment of a Jewish State. He organized the First Zionist Congress in 1897 in Basel, Switzerland and served as the president of the World Zionist Organization until his death. See "Book review: ‘Herzl’s Vision,’ Herzl and the founding of Israel, by Shlomo Avineri
," Jonathan Kirsch, the Washington Post, Jan 2, 2015.