(Arabic for "organization") The militant wing of Fatah
. Founded in 1995 by Yasser Arafat
as a way of securing support from more militant elements of the Palestinian
population. Its leadership structure is independent of Fatah, with Marwan Barghouti
as its head. Tanzim’s strategies include bombings and shootings, usually high profile, to pressure Israel into negotiations for a future Palestinian state. Most active during the Second Intifada
against Israeli troops, the group calls for an independent Palestinian state but does not call for the destruction of the State of Israel. See "Fatah Tanzim
," Global Security.org, November 9, 2007.