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(1954- ) A Palestinian political and media figure. Khatib was a member of the Palestinian delegation to the Madrid Conference in 1991 and subsequent bilateral negotiations between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization. He has always been a supporter of media advocacy and Palestinian-Israeli dialogue, leading the Jerusalem. Media and Communications Centre in 2000, and soon after founding the online Bittlerlemons publications with Jewish Israeli Yossi Alpher. After serving in ministerial positions within the Palestinian Authority from 2002-2006, Khatib taught at Birzeit University. As of 2015, he is a spokesman for the Palestinian Authority, of the Palestinian Government Media Center and a member of the Palestinian People’s Party. See "Ghassan Khatib," The Huffington Post, June 24 2011.

[Hebrew for "Forward."] An Israeli political party started in 2005 by Ariel Sharon, who broke from the right-wing Likud party, and was joined by its more centrist members, soon thereafter to be joined by centrist members of the Labor party as well, chiefly in order to support Sharon’s Gaza Disengagement plan. The party believes that, while the Israeli nation has the right to all the Occupied Palestinian Territories, it must pragmatically concede some territory to Palestinians in order to maintain Israel as a Jewish and democratic state. When Sharon suffered an incapacitating stroke shortly after the party’s founding, Ehud Olmert took over as head of Kadima. Though commanding a large number of seats in the Knesset during the first few elections after its founding, Kadima won only two seats in the 2013 elections. The party did not run in the 2015 elections. See "Adviser reveals PM planned split months ago," Ronny Sofer, Ynet, Nov 24, 2005.

Kafr Qasem is a Palestinian town in central Israel bordering the West Bank. On October 29, 1956, at the start of the 1956 War, Kafr Qasem was the site of a massacre in which 48 Palestinian citizens of Israel were killed by Israeli border police. Those killed included children and women, one of whom was pregnant. Israel fearing that Jordan might attack, had placed Palestinian villages near the Jordanian-controlled West Bank under a curfew. Border police officers were reportedly ordered to shoot on sight any villagers violating the curfew. However, many Kafr Qasem residents were working in fields or in other locations outside of the village when the curfew was first declared and Israeli police fired on them when they returned past the curfew hour. An Israeli court later convicted the Israeli border policemen of murder, but all were released from prison within a year. See "50 years after massacre, Kafr Qasem wants answers," Yoav Stern, Haaretz, October 30 2006; and "48 human beings were massacred-and we have forgotten them," Shirley Racah and Abed Kannaneh, +972mag, Nov 3, 2013.

A community in Israel established by and for Jews (the majority were established by members of Zionist Youth Movements) and based on socialist ideals. Members have no private property, but share the work and the profits of collective enterprise, historically agricultural and, in recent decades, also industrial. The first Kibbutz was founded on the banks of the Sea of Galilee in 1910. The Kibbutz movement has been in decline in the last few decades, and many Kibbutzim (plural for Kibbutz) any have become privatized. See "Kibbutzim Site."

(1935-1999) King of Jordan from 1952-1999. He expelled the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) from Jordan in 1970 in a civil war known as Black September. He was also a major player in various Middle Eastern peace initiatives, including the drafting of United Nations Resolution 242 following the 1967 War and the Madrid Conference in 1991. In 1994, King Hussein signed a peace treaty with Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, effectively normalizing diplomatic and economic relations between Jordan and Israel. See "King Hussein I," The Government of Jordan. See also, "Palestinians Love and Loathe King Hussein," Marjorie Miller, Los Angeles Times, Feb 7, 1999.

The legislature/parliament of the State of Israel, located in Jerusalem, and consisting of 120 members. Members of Knesset are known as "MKs." The Government of the State of Israel must be approved by a majority vote of the Knesset. See the Knesset website.

(1932-1990) A Jewish Israeli Orthodox rabbi and political figure of American origin. Kahane founded the militant Jewish Defense League in Brooklyn in 1968, immigrated to Israel in 1971 and immediately founded the Kach party, which called for the expulsion of Palestinians from Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories as well as the revocation of Israeli citizenship from non-Jews. Arrested tens of times, Kahane spent six months in jail in 1980 for allegedly planning to kill Palestinians in response to the murders of Jewish Israeli settlers. Kach finally gained enough votes for one Knesset seat in 1984, which Kahane took. He was not able to run again in 1988 as Kach was banned from the Israeli Knesset in 1985 for being racist and undemocratic. The party was later banned from Israel altogether after the Goldstein massacre of February 25, 1994. Kahane was assassinated in New York City in November 1990. See "Meir Kahane, 58, Israeli Militant and Founder of the Jewish Defense League," John Kifner, The New York Times, November 6, 1990.