Oslo Process

This process was unveiled with the signing of the Declaration of Principles (DOP) by Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) Chairman Yasser Arafat and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin on the White House lawn on September 13, 1993. It was preceded by a series of backchannel meetings begun by academics under the aegis of the Norwegian government, which, over a period of months, became official though still secret. Israel recognized the PLO as the sole legitimate representative body of the Palestinian people and the PLO recognized Israel’s right to exist in peace and security. The DOP called for a permanent settlement to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict based on United Nation Resolutions 242 and 338. It also led to the creation of the Palestinian Authority (PA) as part of the 1995 Oslo Interim Agreement. Yasser Arafat became President of the PA. A series of agreements between the Israeli government and the PA followed, known collectively as the Oslo Agreements. The Oslo Process was set back with the assassination of Rabin in November 1995, and by a wave of Palestinian suicide bombings as well as a major Israeli attack on Lebanon in 1996. The election of Benjamin Netanyahu, who had opposed the Oslo Agreements, as Israeli Prime Minister in May 1996 made continuing the Process more difficult. After the failure of the Camp David (II) Summit in 2000 and the subsequent outbreak of the Second Intifada, the Oslo Process ended. In retrospect, majorities of both sides tend to see the Process as a mistake, with each side convinced the other had no real intention of making peace. See Smith, Charles D. Palestine and the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 5th ed. Boston: University of Arizona, 2004; and “The Oslo Declaration of Principles.” 13 September 1993. MidEast Web. 22 August 2011. http://www.mideastweb.org/meoslodop.htm.  http://www.justvision.org/glossary/oslo-process